According to Harvard Health, “CBD stands for cannabidiol. It is the second most prevalent of the active ingredients of cannabis (marijuana).
While CBD is an essential component of medical marijuana, it is derived directly from the hemp plant, which is a cousin of the marijuana plant.
While CBD is a component of marijuana (one of the hundreds), by itself it does not cause a “high.” According to a report from the World Health Organization, “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
Many people use the word hemp and marijuana interchangeably. They are two entirely different plants and contain different components in them.
They have two separate anatomies and are used for different things. In fact, they even look different! Marijuana and cannabis oils do something much different than hemp and CBD oils.
The Marijuana Plant
Unlike the hemp plant, this is a smaller plant that blooms. It is short, stocky, produces flowers, and has a very pungent smell. Every cannabis plant will have a stem and leaves that extend from nodes. Each plant will also have a cola or a cluster of buds at the very top of the plant.
A male cannabis plant will have a pistil which is contained by the stigma that bees can collect from to pollinate the female flowers. The female cannabis flower will have the bract, which is where the bees pollinate.
All cannabis plants will have something called trichomes, which are small odd shaped hairs to protect the plant. This is also the part of the plant that lets off the distinct “weed-like” smell you associate with cannabis.
The trichome is also responsible for many other terpenes, these are glands that produce the cannabinoids. These secreted glands also hold the THC and CBD in the marijuana plant. Each strain of the cannabis plant will hold a different number of terpenes.
The Hemp Plant
Unlike its stocky, short cousin, this plant is tall and lanky. It is completely durable and could be one of the oldest plants that we know of.
Hemp is part of the cannabis family, but it does not get you intoxicated. It contains an entirely different chemical composition, which is also why it is federally legal to grow.
The coolest thing about hemp plants is that they start out as seeds, which are also technically nuts that you can consume. The hemp seeds have nutritional value, and can be added to salads, smoothies and eaten on their own to boost health.
Milk and other food products are made from hemp, as well as industrial materials such as rope and clothing. Hemp plants naturally contain as little as 0.3% THC, so when consumed, you do not get a high.
The anatomy of the hemp plant is almost the same as that of a marijuana plant. The difference is the stalk or stem of the hemp plant is thick and rough, almost like that of bark on a tree. Before flowering, you will never know which plant is female or male.
In industrial hemp used to create CBD, most plants are either all female or all male. However, when someone is growing hemp on their own, one plant could carry 50% female heads and 50% male heads. This creates a unique looking hemp plant.
Now that you know the difference between each actual plant, you may be wondering the difference between CBD oils and cannabis oils.
- Both oils can be used for medicinal purposes. However, cannabis oil will intoxicate someone due to its high THC levels, while CBD contains hardly any THC.
- Cannabis oil comes from the marijuana plant and contains high levels of THC.
- CBD oil can only contain 0.3% THC, and most times, it can be nearly completely strained out, meaning it will in no way impair you.
For both of these oils, you should consult a doctor before using them. Both CBD and cannabis oil should be used properly and safely.
How CBD Works
If you haven’t figured out by now, CBD is an amazing product that you may want to try to invest in. This could change your entire self-care routine. There are now so many products to choose from and you have the tools to pick the best kind of product for yourself.
Knowledge is power, and by reading this guide to CBD, you are accessing that power to live a healthier life.
So how does CBD work inside of our bodies?
Anything we ingest releases a chemical response, even when we eat foods. Certain foods make us feel euphoric because of certain ingredients, others make us feel angry.
Either way, our body releases responses that roam throughout our whole body and the same goes for ingesting CBD.
First, you need to understand that our bodies consist of an endocannabinoid system.
These receptors work with CBD to produce a range of effects. There are two types of receptors called CB1 and CB2, this system functions with or without CBD to push it along.
- CB1 receptors influence and help control our coordination, movements, pain responses, memory, appetite, and mood.
- CB2 receptors are in charge of inflammation, our nervous system, and pain.
Enzymes work in our body to break down the cannabinoids that enter our system. Then, the endocannabinoids search for receptors.
CBD does not directly bind with receptors but influences them to do certain things and adds a layer of protection.
It helps activate certain receptors more than the body naturally can, which then leads to all of CBDs health benefits.